Knitting 101

I had so much fun teaching knitting on Saturday. We had a great group, and everyone did so good. Here are some brief notes and a few illustrations I made on the things we covered.

Cast On

Wrap yarn around needle 10 times; use this to estimate length of tail needed for 10 stitches (multiply by 3 for this project). Add 6”.

Start with a loop around your needle or a slipknot. Wrap the yarn around your thumb and forefinge, as shown, holding the tail and working yarn in your palm.

With your needle, pick up the yarn at the left side of your thumb.Then, pick up yarn at left of forefingerand bring it ‘ through’the loop on the needle. Tightenthe yarn under that cast on stitch. When working long tail cast on, use the forefinger of right hand to position stitch ~ 1/4” from previous stitch. This maintains equal spacing between stitches.

Don’t make stitches too tight on needle. Stitches should slide easily along needle.

First row:

Work knit stitch across all stitches, maintaining equal tension. Work stitches at the end of the needles, moving to the barrel of the needle after stitch is made. The needle working the stitches determines the stitch size. Don’t pull needles far apart while wrapping yarn

Garter stitch and edge tension:

Knitting every row (in both directions) produces the garter stitch. It has the ‘loop’ part of the stitch on both sides. To maintain good edge tension (even stitches along edges of project), pay attention to your yarn tension and to working at the tips of the needles.Counting rows in garter stitch: count interlocking loop rows on front and back. Don’t count cast on.

Stockinette stitch:

The stockinette (stocking) stitch is created by knitting across one row and purling across a second row. It makes V’s on the front and loops on the back. Maintain constant tension on the working yarn to produce even, consistent stitch sizing and spacing.

When used alone, the stockinette stitch can curl. Used with other stitches at the edges (like we are using the garter stitch for this project), eliminates the curling.

Count stockinette rows by counting V’s on the front OR by counting loops on the back.

Bind off:

When you get to the last row of the project (a knit row), bind off by knitting the first stitch; knit the second stitch, and using your left hand needle, lift the first stitch over the second. Knit the next stitch, and then pass the second stitch over. Continue to the last stitch. When there is one stitch left on the right needle, cut a tail of ~6 inches and pull it through the stitch.